Menstrual Pain: What You Need to Know About It

Heart on pelvis, reproductive care
  • Menstrual pain or dysmenorrhea is a type of pain that affects the lower abdomen and can range from mild discomfort to severe cramping.
  • Hormonal imbalances, uterine fibroids, endometriosis, pelvic inflammatory disease (PID), and intrauterine devices can cause menstrual pain.
  • Menstrual pain can affect productivity, mood changes, physical activities, and overall quality of life.
  • Various coping mechanisms like massages, heat therapy, pain medication, exercise, relaxation techniques, and hormonal birth control can help manage menstrual pain.
  • If the menstrual pain persists or worsens, it is recommended to visit a healthcare professional for further diagnosis and treatment options.

Menstrual pain or dysmenorrhea is a type of pain that takes place in the lower abdominal area, making it hard for women to carry out their daily activities. If you are one of those women who experience menstrual pain every month, you must know you are not alone. Menstrual pain is common among women. Some experience mild pain, while others experience severe cramps that are hard to manage. Here’s what you need to know about it and how to handle it.

What is Menstrual Pain?

Menstrual pain, also known as dysmenorrhea, is a common occurrence experienced by many menstruating individuals. The pain is typically felt in the lower abdomen, ranging from mild discomfort to severe cramping. Here are some reasons behind this pain.

Hormonal Imbalance

Hormonal changes in your body typically cause menstrual pain. Prostaglandins, released during menstruation hormones, cause cramps as they cause the uterus to contract and shed its lining. Irritation caused by prostaglandins is a major contributor to menstrual cramps.

Uterine Fibroids

Uterine fibroids are non-cancerous tumors that grow in the uterus. These fibroids can cause menstrual pain, heavy bleeding, and pelvic pressure. If your menstrual pain is becoming increasingly severe with each menstrual cycle, it’s time to visit your gynecologist.

Abdomen pain from menstruation


Endometriosis is when the tissue that lines the uterus also grows outside of it. This tissue can irritate the pelvic area and cause menstrual pain. Other symptoms include chronic fatigue and pain during sex.

Pelvic Inflammatory Disease

Pelvic Inflammatory Disease (PID) is an infection of the female reproductive organs, including the uterus, fallopian tubes, and ovaries. It occurs when bacteria from the vagina or cervix travel upward into the upper genital tract. PID can lead to inflammation, scarring, and damage to the reproductive organs, potentially causing long-term complications.

Intrauterine Device (IUD)

An IUD is a popular birth control option but can cause menstrual pain. If you have an IUD, you might notice that your menstrual pain has increased since getting it installed. IUDs can cause cramps and heavier bleeding in some women.

How Menstrual Pain Can Affect Your Life

There are various ways menstrual pain can affect your life. Here are some of them:


Menstrual pain can negatively affect your productivity at work or school. The pain can make it difficult to stay focused, leading to decreased performance.

Mood changes in women

Mood Changes

Menstrual pain can interfere with your mood as well. It’s common to experience irritability, fatigue, and anxiety during this time. These symptoms may be more intense if you experience severe menstrual cramps.

Physical Activity

For some women, physical activity is the last thing they want to do when experiencing menstrual pain. Working out or participating in activities they enjoy may become almost impossible due to the discomfort caused by the pain.

How To Cope With Menstrual Pain?

There are several ways to cope with menstrual pain and make it more manageable:


Messages on the lower back can undoubtedly reduce the pain you experience from this kind of pain. This is why searching for the best local massage service should be your priority. The service can help you relax and reduce the severity of menstrual cramps.

Heat Therapy

The use of heat therapy is also helpful in relieving menstrual pain. Heat can be applied in hot water bottles, heating pads, or warm baths. The warmth helps to relax the uterus muscles and lessen the intensity of cramps.

Pain Medication

Over-the-counter pain relievers like ibuprofen or naproxen sodium can help alleviate menstrual pain by reducing inflammation and blocking pain signals. Following the recommended dosage is essential, and consult a healthcare professional if the pain persists or worsens.

Heat Therapy

A heating pad or a warm bath can help relax the muscles and relieve menstrual cramps.


Regular physical activity and exercise, particularly aerobic exercise, can help alleviate menstrual pain by releasing endorphins, which act as natural painkillers. However, it’s important to listen to your body and adjust your activity level based on your comfort and energy levels.

Relaxation Techniques

Practicing relaxation techniques, such as deep breathing, meditation, or yoga, can help reduce stress and tension, which may contribute to menstrual pain.

Hormonal Birth Control

Some individuals find relief from menstrual pain by using hormonal birth control methods like oral contraceptives, patches, or intrauterine devices (IUDs). These methods can regulate hormonal fluctuations and reduce the severity of menstrual cramps.

If you are experiencing severe menstrual pain, it’s essential to seek medical attention from your doctor. They can diagnose the cause of your menstrual pain and suggest treatment options that will work best for you. Taking care of yourself during this time is essential to restore your physical and mental well-being.

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